- Introduce fundamental change to improve trade registration and licensing services: At all levels of trade administration, a uniform and harmonized system of trade registration and licensing will be established to international standards. The trade registration and licensing system will ensure fair and transparent transactions of goods and services, easy access to services and focus on the professional efficiency and competency of services provided to the business community.
- Support consumers' rights and security by improving the regulatory framework of trade:
- To provide an effective and enabling regulatory framework for trade, appropriate controls will be put in place that improve the role that the business community plays in ensuring fair competition and identify solutions to prevent harmful practices.
- Increase the benefits accruing to Ethiopia from international systems governing trade relations and negotiations: The aim is to better integrate Ethiopia into the ---- multilateral trading system so as to broaden the benefits from market opportunities and increase investment flows.
- Strengthen the marketing system for domestic products:-The target aims to increase production and export diversification; establish an integrated domestic marketing system and strengthen export development through creation of an integrated marketing system.
Introducing fundamental change in trade registration and licensing services:
By revising the regulations that have been applied to date, a more fair and efficient service will be established. The trade registration and licensing aspects of the new regulatory framework will oblige the business community to give accurate information about their business operations. The information provided will be stored in a digital data base. In addition, criteria governing professional efficiency will be adopted by the public agencies concerned will trade. Proclamation and associated regulations will be prepared and enacted that, among other purposes, provide for the granting of trade permits and facilitation of improved implementation processes.
Ensure consumers' right and security by enhancing trade regulations:
Ensuring the existence of fair trade that affirms the consumer's right and benefit will contributes to accelerated economic growth and social development. With this focus, and on the basis of free market principles, a consistent system will be established to ensure fair and efficient trade registration and licensing, and healthy and fair competition among the business community. Where harmful or illegal business practices that damage consumers' health, or reduce their safety, government will continue to act in consumers' interests. To this end, consumers' associations will be organized and supported logistically, with finance, technical support and human resource development; the overall aim is to ensure consumers pay a fair price. These strategies will help to ensure that consumer associations play a positive and beneficial role in regulating prices. On the other hand, the legal and regulatory framework to minimize conflict between the business community and consumers will be established and implemented.
Conditions that would facilitate to ensure benefits from trade relations and negotiations:
A key implementation strategy is to integrate the country into the multilateral trading system. This will be achieved by successfully completing the World Trade Organization accession process and strengthening regional trade integration with the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development, Sana'a Forum, The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the COMESA-East African Community-Southern African Development Community Tripartite. The purpose of these actions is to transform the trade negotiation process to a higher level of effectiveness. A further task is to conclude the Economic partnership Agreement with European Union. Finally, bilateral trade relations and negotiations will be improved with all parties where mutual advantages are identified.
- Strengthening domestic product marketing system: Implementation activities will focus on integrating domestic product marketing systems, increasing production and exchange coverage and strengthening export development. The domestic product marketing system will be strengthened with the objectives of ensuring fair, transparent, participatory, --- cost effective transactions as well as fair prices. Support will be given also to promote exports, build capacity, develop better use of information technology and develop access to finance and logistics. These activities will be planned and carried out in collaboration with all stakeholders.
A shift in the attitudes and production processes of farmers and pastoralists from subsistence to more market driven production has started to see. This involves a change in attitude and life style and a new focus on international markets. Farmers and pastoralists will help to shift gradually from the production of low to the production of high value products and to ensure that their incomes increase as a result. The transformation of the agricultural sector, especially in terms of rapid agricultural diversification and commercialization, must be complimented by an effective marketing system
Modern agricultural marketing systems, such as the marketing practiced through Ethiopia Commodity Exchange, will be strengthened. Initiatives that contribute to improving the agricultural marketing system include identifying and expanding best practices of model farmers, improving the quality of agricultural products, strengthening monitoring and support systems at all levels, improving market infrastructure and the agricultural marketing information system, building the capacity of the market actors, and strengthening the capacity and participation of cooperatives. During the GTP period the primary markets will be effectively linked to the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange system so as to create an integrated and efficient marketing system.
To improve the agricultural marketing system a number of initiatives will be taken in GTP period. The experiences of best small scale farmers will be clearly identified and be scaled up from Kebele to federal level. Quality control of agricultural products will be put in place and the marketing system established. A strong monitoring and support system from regional to Kebele level will be put in place and will serve to ensure the integration and performance of the market. Primary markets will be established and strengthened. Market infrastructure will be provided and market promotion strengthened so as to identify and penetrate new markets and increase the share in existing markets. An agricultural marketing information system will be established so that information can be delivered to users on a timely basis. The capacity of the market actors will be enhanced, agricultural product quality ensured and proper standards set. Cooperatives will be promoted to play a significant role in the marketing system. The focus will in particular be on identifying the problems of existing cooperatives and thereby undertaking measures that enhance their capacities.
The government will work closely with private actors in order to address market problems of particularly certain items. In this regard the government will work closely with all stakeholders to rectify the market, logistics and transport problems observed in horticulture, live animal, meat and other crucial export items.